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-LESSON 14: Mark 12

by Dr. D ~

To read the verses studied below, just type in each verse or verses wanted, in the Bible Search to the left ————-example: Mark 12:1 ——————->

Mark 12 -Things You Don’t See Every Day:

12:15- Jesus prophetically knew that they were trying to trap him.

12:15-17 -The Roman coin and Caesar answer is truly inspired.

12:25 -Prophetic info.: The risen dead will not marry.

12:44 -Prophetic/word of knowledge-widow gave all she had.

Mark 12:  Jesus Teaching in The Temple

Jesus began teaching in the Temple in the form of parables.  Notice that after a while, the authorities began to perceive that Jesus was talking against them, particularly in the Parable of the Tenants.

Vs. 1-12  The Parable of The Tenants

The Vineyard in this parable represents Israel.  The servants that the master sent represents the prophets, who were generally mistreated over the years.  The Master’s Son, is Jesus who the religious authorities are trying to find a good reason to arrest and eliminate.

Jesus also represents the rejected stone of Psalm 118:22.  The time is coming when he is going to put a cap on history and an end to the present age.

Vs. 13-17  Give To Caesar What is Caesar’s

Again the Pharisees, along with some Herodians, try to trap Jesus.  They start out pretending to pay Jesus a complement, however Jesus perceives their hypocrisy.  They are presenting Jesus with a clever ‘no win’ scenario.  If Jesus says to go ahead and pay Roman taxes, then many of his supporters, especially Zealots, would probably abandon him, so these ‘smart guys’ reason.  On the other hand, if Jesus tells them not to pay the taxes, then they can charge him with treason before the Roman authorities.  Actually, quite a brilliant plan.  However, Jesus sees the trap and resolves the question in such a way that even the ‘smart guys’ were amazed.  Notice that he ends with: “and to God what is God’s”-after all, God is really the ultimate authority.

Vs 18-27  Marriage and The Resurrection

Next, a bunch of Sadducees, who don’t believe in the Resurrection, try to demonstrate the crazy problems one might experience in the Resurrection if one had been remarried a number of times.  After seven marriages, who would one be married to in the after life?  This was probably one of the favorite unsolvable questions that they usually presented to their ‘smart’ Pharisee adversaries (who believed in the resurrection).  No one had ever been able to solve the problem before, but Jesus spoke with unusual authority and proclaimed that there will be no marriage in the life to come.  Then he deals brilliantly with the real question and demonstrates the truth of the resurrection and the after life, by quoting from the Pentateuch (first five books) the only scriptures that the Sadducees fully recognized.  Jesus, quoting from Exodus 3:1-6,  citing God himself as proof for the continuing existence of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in an after life.  The Sadducees had to be surprised and totally defeated by this answer.

Vs. 28-34  The Greatest Commandment

The final question of the day posed to Jesus, comes from one of the scibes or teachers.  This seems to be a genuine query rather than a trap.  This teaching of Jesus is valid for Christians also, and not just a matter of Mosaic law.  We are called today to love the Lord our God with all our heart, soul, mind, and strength.  Secondly, we are called to love others as ourselves.  Notice that this teacher agrees with Jesus and states that these two commandments were more important than “all burnt offerings and sacrifices.”  Jesus commends this teacher:  “You are not far from the Kingdom of God.”  Later, after the resurrection of Christ, many scribes and teachers joined the early Christian church, perhaps this teacher was one of those.  I love the last line of verse 34:  “And from then on no one dared ask him any more questions.”  Obviously, Jesus demonstrated his superiority that day, over the smartest and the best educated men in Judea.

Vs. 35-40  Whose Is The One With Real Authority?

Now Jesus teaches in the temple to a large crowd, and they listened to him with wonder and delight.  All the ‘smart guys’ were gone, they had enough, but the regular folk received it all with pleasure.

Jesus in his first teaching in the temple courts, points out that according to the scriptures, the Christ (the Messiah or the ‘annointed one’) was supposed to be a descendant (a son) of King David, and yet in Psalm 110:1, David refers to his descendant as ‘Lord’.  How can this be?  Jesus does not answer his own question here, but leaves it hanging.

The answer:  If the Messiah was merely David’s descendant (son), than David would naturally hold the primary position of authority.  However, Jesus was the Messiah and he was a descendant of David, but he was also the Son of God.  Therefore, David recognized his own descendant, as his Lord and his superior.

Jesus continues in his teaching by pointing out that those teachers of the Law, who demand respect and positions of authority, who seek honor and commendation, are really hypocrites.  They may be rewarded in this life, but will receive the opposite from God in the future.

Vs. 41-44  The Widow’s Offering

Jesus and his disciples watched as people filed in to give money to the temple treasury.  A whole lot of rich folks came in with all sort of ‘pomp and circumstance’ and gave huge amounts of money to the temple.  I am sure that the disciples were appropriately impressed.  Among the crowd was a poor humble widow who dropped in two small copper coins.  She contribution would have probably gone unnoticed except for maybe a sneer by the priest overseeing the collection.  Undoubtedly the disciples were unimpressed–but Jesus knew something that they did not know.  The widow gave all she had.  Now that is really impressive!

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1 Response to -LESSON 14: Mark 12

  1. BIBLE Study » Blog Archive » GOSPEL OF MARK

    […] 13: Mark 11      LESSON 14: Mark 12           LESSON 15: Mark […]

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